Facts Of The Cave That You Can Visit With Your Child. Caves are such unique natural formation. They are often hidden in some parts of the earth. Some have been discovered and some are still well-hidden. Caves have been existed since thousands years ago. The ancient people used caves for different purposes such as shelter, mushroom farming, hideouts, etc. During war period, caves are often used as a place for soldiers to hide from enemy or make plan to attacks. Today. We use caves for different purpose as well such as research, tourism, etc.
There are so many information you can find about the caves. However, sometimes those information is too hard to digest for kids. Not to mention that kids are curious creatures. They always want to know things. To help you tell your kids more about caves, here are some facts of cave you can share with them:
A Cave Occurs Naturally
It is an area or space under the surface of the earth. Caves has interconnected passageways system formed by the weathering of rocks. Caves are unique and that’s why each cave has its own shape, size, length, depth, and formation. They occur naturally causing natural formations and features.
Caves were used by people in the past. However, they also have been a home to variety of animals. Some particular animals even depend on cavern system to survive. Meanwhile, there are also some animals that spend part of their time inside and outside the caves. Animals that spend the entire time of their lives inside the caves called troglobites. Flatworms and blind salamander are included into this category. Meanwhile, bats are raccoon are called trogloxenes. They just spend part of their time living inside the caves because they still go outside to find foods.
There Are Two Types Of Exploration Of A Cave System
One is recreational, and the other is scientific. Some caves are open for tourists and some might be not. Exploring cavern system are called spelunking, potholing, or caving regardless if it’s scientific or recreational.
There is specific study of cave and its surrounding environments. It is called Speology. Meanwhile. The study of cave formation and development is called speleogenesis. Who knows maybe your kids get interested to study caves specifically in the future and make it their career path.
Explanation About The Cave
A cave system can reach maximum depth to the underground that is estimated to be about 3,000 meter. A cave system is unique and formed naturally through geological processes. There are processes of erosion from water, chemical actions, microorganism, volcanic or tectonic force, or pressure.
There are different formation of cave around the world. One of the most common formations is solutional caves. They are formed because natural acids in groundwater dissolving soluble rock (limestone, dolomite, chalk, gypsum, or marble).
Different caves include primary caves, sea caves, glacier caves, corrasional caves, and a fracture cave. They are formed differently. They are formed because of lava tubes, continual tidal action, erosion, melting ice, or dissolving soluble mineral rocks. Thus, each of them appear unique.