When most people remind of when they think of cave is dark place underground that is full of bats. While it is true sometimes, not all cave is creepy or scary. There is a beauty that a cave owns especially because it is formed through natural processes. Cave is a large space underground formed by natural processes such as erosion of water, tectonic force, wave or tidal pressure, etc. A cave can be called a cave if it is large enough to fit a single human inside. However, there area also many types of caves. Some of them are small and some others are very large like architectural building underneath the surface of the earth.
Learning about cave and cave environment is interesting. There are many things to learn about the cave such as their age, history, cultural impact, formation, geological cause, and many more. Not ti mention that inside the caves are interesting elements to see such as stalactite, stalagmites, and many more. Learning more abo0ut the development of cave is also interesting because it can be varied from one cave to another. Speleogenesis is the formation and development of caves. A cave can be formed in million years. Thus, it is impossible for a cave to just pop up out of nowhere. There are various processes to form an develop into a cave.
A cave is formed in a rock formation. However, it is not any rock that can turn into a cave. Soluble rocks are usually the one that can be transformed into caves in million years. They include dolomite, gypsum, marble, and limestone. Most caves are from soluble rocks. Most often, water seep through the cracks of the rocks. The cracks get larger over the time and forming a cave. The one that is mostly responsible is the natural acid in groundwater.
The most occurring caves are solutional caves which form in soluble rocks. However, there are also primary caves. They are at the same time as the surrounding rock. The example is lava tube which is formed through volcanic activity. The lava flows down and the surface gets cooled and solidified. However, the hot lava continues to flow under the cold surface making another passageways underground. There are more types of caves to learn such as talus caves, fracture caves, glacier caves, and more.
Cave and Archaelogy
Cave and archaeology are linked with each other. It is because caves have been sued by ancient people in the past for various purposes. There are trace of ancient human living in the cave. Fossils have been found in various caves around the world. Thus, it attracts archaeologists to learn more about the cave and its history. Early human species are said to be living in a cave in the past. However, there are also theories that say human were not necessarily living in the caves but dragged by wild carnivores to be killed. Caves play important role in archaeological and cultural research. Therefore, caves are now studied and researched by scientists so more knowledge and information about ancient human to share.