Types Of Caves And Archaeological Potentials. Cave is one of the most amazing thing to exist on earth. It is formed through natural processes in million years. It is not something that can be built overnight. Caves often correlate with something dark, creepy, or mysterious. However, caves are more than dark places. There are more to learn about caves such as the process of development, the features, the history, cultural impacts. Etc. Caves are source of knowledge and information as well for scientists to dig in. Thus, caves play such a huge role for our life. There are many to tells from caves.
There are many different processes that form caves. Different process forms different cave. Thus, the types of caves are more than one or two. Here are several types of caves you can learn about:
Solution Caves Are The Most Common Caves
However, they are also considered the one that have the most complex cave system. They form in soluble rocks such as limestone, dolomite, gypsum, and marble. These rock dissolve more easily than non-soluble rocks. Groundwater seep through the cracks, joints, or faults in the rocks. They become large and form cave system over the time. Caves from limestone are the most common and have amazing beauty because of the stalactites and stalagmite formation.
Primary Caves Are Formed At The Same Time As The Surroundings Rocks
Lava caves are the example of primary cave. They are formed through volcanic activity when the lava flows downhill. Then, the surface gets cold and solidified. Meanwhile, the hot liquid keep flowing underneath the already cool surface when the flow stops. However, a hollow tubes will remain. These types of caves are called lava tube. Other caves formed through volcanic activities include inflationary caves, rift caves, volcanic conduits, and lava mold caves.
Glacier Caves Are Formed Near The Glacier
They are usually formed when the meltwater of the glacier surface flows downwards through crevasses to the glacier’s base. The ice at the base is melted by the heat supplied by the meltwater. It then forms tunnels or passageways along the length of the glacier itself. The floors of glacier caves are usually made of bedrock. The caves can remain full of water and if it is the case, it cannot be explored unless it’s frozen.
Cave in archeology plays important role because there are deposits or materials that can be gathered which can tell the story from human and poker uang asli in the past. The evidences from the caves can be gathered then studied by archaeologists to get the coherent story. However, not all cave has archaeological potential. Only a cave with archaeological potentials usually explored by the scientists or archaeologists. There are many factors or questions to see the archaeological potentials of a cave.
Archaeologists will conduct various processes before deciding to explore the caves. Factors such as human presence in the locality, accessibility, visibility of the entrance, the potential of disturbance, the sediments, and more. Cave is also not very easy site for archaeologists because it has different risk and working challenges.